Biological series Volume 108, Part 5 2003

CONTENTS

Sviridov A. V. On century dynamics of Lepidopteran fauna of forest-steppe: data analysis of Noctuids Moths of Kursk and Belgorod Areas ... 3

Polilov A. Fauna of the featherwing beetles (Coleoptera, Ptilidae) of Moscow region ... 11

Bolshakov L.V. Leptidea reali Reissinger, 1990 (Lepidoptera: Pieridae) — new species for the medial zone of European Russia ... 18

Sviridov A.V., Korzhov P.N. Noctuid Moths (Lepidoptera) of Stavropol Area from the collection of P.N. Korzhov ... 23

Nikitsky N.B., Tatarinova A.F. Fauna and ecology of the xylophilous sap beetles (Coleoptera, Nitidulidae) of Nort-East European Russia ... 28

Martynenko V.B., Zhigunov O.Yu., Baisheva E.Z., Zhuravleva S.E., Mirkin B.M. The ecological diversity of the forests of the Sulgantash Reserve ... 32

Baikov K.S. On systematics of Euphorbia soongarica and allied species in flora of Northern Asia ... 41

Anissimova O.V., Vinogradova E.N. The euglenoid flora of pools in Zvenigorod Biological Station nm. S.N. Scadovsky (Moscow region) ... 48

Soudzilovskaia N.A., Onipchenko V.G. Influence of increased soil nutrient availability on alpine heath plant shoot numbers ... 54

Kramina T.E., Sokoloff D.D. On Lotus sect. Erythrolotus (Leguminosae) and related taxa ... 59

Melikian A.P., Dzhalilova Kh.Kh. Morphology, anatomy and ultrasculpture of fruits in some

representatives of Lauraceae family ... 63

Taranenko L V., Kondo K. Biomorphological features of Goodyera schlechtendaliana Reichenb. fil. and G. maximowicziana Makino (Orchidaceae) ... 70

Scientific communications

Rustamov A.K., Ataev Ch. About size of population of Laudakia caucasius (Eichwald, 1831) (Sauria, Agamidae) and its dynamics in foothills of Kopetdag ... 75

Orlov A.M., Biryukov LA. New data on distribution of simushir snailfish Polypera simushirae (Liparidae, Scorpaeniformes) of Kuril Islands ... 78

Semenov KB. To the taxonomy of some species Aleocharinae (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae) collected in Moscow area and adjacent areas ... 81

Schanzer LA., Shvetsov A.N., Lvanov M.V. Eichhornia crassipes and Pistia stratiodes are spreading in ponds and rivers of Moscow and Moscow region ... 85

Doweld A.B. Schizoneurina, a. new generic name of Rhodymeniophyta ... 88

Shipunov A.B., Sokoloff D.D. Schweitzeria, a new name for Irania Schweitzer (fossil Gymnospermae) ... 89

To the history of science

Balandina T.P., Gubanov LA., Balandin S.A. C. Trinius's collection at Moscow State University Herbarium (MW) ... 92

Critique and bibliography Tumanov I.L. Review on the book: M.N. Smirnov. «Big mammals in the centre of Asia» . . 98

Jubilee Rustamov Anver Keyuschevich (to the 85th anniversary) ... 99

New plant names and combinations published in part 5

Euphorbia ser. Songaricae Baikov, ser. nov ... 42

Lotus sect. Chamaelotus Kramina et D.D. Sokoloff,sect, nova ... 61

Lotus sect. Benedictella (Maire) Kramina et D.D.Sokoloff, comb, nova ... 61

Schizoneurina Doweld, nom. nov ... 88

Schizoneurina subcostata (J. Agardh) Doweld, comb. nov ... 88

Schizoneurina hookeri (Lyale) Doweld, comb. nov.. . 88 Schweitzeriaceae Shipunov et D.D. Sokoloff, fam. nov ... 89

Schweitzeria Shipunov et D.D. Sokoloff, gen. nov.. . 89

Schweitzeria hermaphroditica (Schweitzer) Shipunov et D.D. Sokoloff, comb. nova ... 90

ON CENTURY DYNAMICS OF LEPIDOPTERAN FAUNA OF FOREST-STEPPE: DATA ANALYSIS OF NOCTUIDS MOTHS OF KURSK AND BELGOROD AREAS

A. V. Sviridov

The dynamics of fauna from 1930th years until recent time was analysed for the first time for the forest-steppe zone on the base of Noctuids check list of Kursk and Belgorod Areas (Sviridov, Tatarenko, in press). In this analysis was used distinct autecological characters of species from three periods of collecting (1930th, 1970-1980th and 1990-2000th years): 1) ability to populate anthropic biotopes, 2) stages of hibernating, 3) peopling of different series and stages of successions, 4) breadth of the trophic spectrum of caterpillars, 5) caterpillars inclination to feeding on various life-forms of plants, and 6) share of species which appertain to the taxonomic forward groups (the Trifinoids), 7) share of species with singleness of occurence in the groups. Result correlates with conception of recent dynamics of lepidopteran fauna which has been worked out before (Sviridov, 1989). For the transformation of fauna in boundary between the 1st and the 2nd periods are typical the positive tendencies for the Noctuids diversity, which are connected with increase of the number of rare species on background of enrichment of fauna connected partly with warmth of the climate. For the 2nd transformation is evident the decrease of diversity due to vanishing of some rare species. The average characteristics of vanishing species were examined separately. The principal problems of the studies of recent dynamics of entomofauna and its protection were examined. The recommendations are given. Bibl. 9.

FAUNA OF THE FEATHERWING BEETLES (COLEOPTERA, PTILIIDAE) OF MOSCOW REGION

A. Polilov

The present paper is the first detailed study of Ptiliidae fauna of a region of Russia. An annotated checklist of 54 species of Ptiliidae recorded from Moscow region is given. The records are based on the author's collections, museum material, and literature information. 23 species are reported from Moscow region for the first time, and 8 of these are new to the fauna of Russia (Ptenidium turgidum Thomson, Euryptilium gillmeisyeri Flach, Pteryx splendens Strand, Baeocrara japo-nica (Matthews), Acrotrichis rosskotheni Sundt, A. lucidula Rosskothen, A. danica Sundt, A. sjobergi Sundt). The records contribute considerably to the knowledge of the distribution of 3 species: Pteni-dium reitteri Flach, Ptinella johnsoni Rutanen, Pteryx splendens Strand.

LEPTIDEA REALIREISSINGER, 1989 (LEPIDOPTERA: PIERIDAE) -NEW SPECIES FOR THE MEDIAL ZONE OF EUROPEAN RUSSIA

L.K Bolshakov

The wood white butterfly Leptidea reali Reiss., 1989 is widely distributed in the medial zone of European Russia. The key of Ost-european Leptidea on genitalia is provided. The morphological changes of imago L. reali and L. sinapis (L, 1758), also the provisional data of distribution and ecology of sibling-species are discussed.

NOCTUID MOTHS (LEPIDOPTERA) OF STAVROPOL AREA FROM THE COLLECTION OF P.N. KORZHOV

A.V. Sviridov, P.N. Korzhov

The previous check-list of Noctuids Moths (Lepidoptera) of Stavropol Area containing 92 species is presented. Data on localities and phenology of each species are provided. The article is based upon the long-term data (1991-2002) from the collection of P.N. Korzhov.

FAUNA AND ECOLOGY OF THE XYLOPHILOUS SAP BEETLES (COLEOPTERA, NTTIDULIDAE) OF NORT-EAST EUROPEAN RUSSIA

N.B. Nikitsky, A.F. Tatarinova

In article arc given new data of the fauna and ecology of xylophilous Nitidulidae of Nort-East European Russia, many from which indicate in this region at first time. These are marked with a sing*.

THE ECOLOGICAL DIVERSITY OF THE FORESTS OF THE SULGANTASH RESERVE

V.B. Martynenko, O.U. Zhigunov, E.Z. Baisheva, S.E. Zhuravleva, B.M. Mirkin

The investigated forest communities are related to class Querco-Fagetea and Brachypodio-Be-tuletea and to eight alliances. The most of them are represented by one association. The spreading of these alliance clearly depends on character the conditions of habitats (soil moisture and fertility). However, the species richness doesn't depend on habitats. The peculiarities of environment are reflected by phytosociological spectrum of the syntaxes floristical compositions.

ON SYSTEMATICS OF EUPHORBIA SOONGARICA AND ALLIED SPECIES IN FLORA OF NORTHERN ASIA

K.S. Baikov

History of description of Euphorbia soongarica Boiss. and allied taxa is presented. Types of names and lists of synonyms were verified. Lectotypus of E. soongarica was chosen. New authorship of name E. semivillosa was suggested. Morphological description as well as ecological features and geographical distribution in administrative regions and floristic provinces are given using herbarium specimens from Northern Asia and neighbouring territories. Phylogenetic relations of taxa were shown. A new species series Songaricae was described.

THE EUGLENOID FLORA OF POOLS IN ZVENIGOROD BIOLOGICAL STATION nm. S.N. SKADOVSKY (MOSCOW REGION)

O. V. Anissimova, E.N. Vinogradova

The data on the special diversity of euglenoid algae in Zvenigorod Biological Station (ZBS) were reported for the first time. In general 74 species (93 including intraspecial taxa) from 3 order, 5 families and 17 genera were found. A number of taxa (55 species and varietes) were new for the Moscow region. The euglenoid flora of pools and running waters of ZBS was typically boreal with rich special diversity, which characterized by dominance of pigmented forms at all taxonomic ranges. It was shown that algae inhabited predominantly bottoms of standing waters with low rate of mineralisation and acid or neutral pH-reaction.

INFLUENCE OF INCREASED SOIL NUTRIENT AVAILABILITY ON ALPINE HEATH PLANT SHOOT NUMBERS

N.A. Soudzilovskaia, V.G. Onipchenko

The research was aimed at an investigation of a response of an alpine lichen heath to changes in the soil nutrient and water availability. A four-year experiment was conducted in the North-Western Caucasus at 2800 meters above sea level. The experimental treatment consisted of Ca, P, N, NP fertilisation and irrigation. Changes in the number of shoots (generative and vegetative) for the 28 most abundant species were analysed.

Although it is presumed that alpine plants are mostly limited by nitrogen, our experiment indicated that other nutrients such as phosphorus and water also have a great influence. Graminoids (Festuca ovina, Luzula spicata and Helictotrichon versicolor) were (strongly) affected only by NP fertilisation. Sedges reacted positively to N fertilisation. Other plants increased their shoot number as a reaction to irrigation and various nutrients (N, P and NP).

For several species, the tendency of changes in total shoot number differed strongly from the changes in generative shoot numbers. For those species, we observed either an increased total shoot number or an increased generative shoot number.

ON LOTUS SECT. ERYTHROLOTUS {LEGUMINOSAE) AND RELATED TAXA

T.E. Kramina, D.R Sokoloff

Taxonomic limits of Lotus sect. Erythrolotus Brand are discussed. Sect. Erythrolotus is accepted in narrow sense, comprising only L. conibricensis Brot., the species which was selected as a lecto-type of the section. L. conimbricensis share with members of sect. Lotus mainly Mediterranean distribution and base chromosome number x = 6. L. conimbricensis is characterised by long and narrow, incurved and tardily dehiscent fruit. The majority of species traditionally included in section Erythrolotus is placed now in the section Heinekenia Webb et Berth. A new section, Chamae-lotus is described to include three annual species with shortened peduncles and small pink or red /lowers. A new combination at sectional level is made, namely sect. Benedictella (Maire) Kramina et D.D. Sokoloff. The section Benedictella is monotypic and includes L. benoistii (Maire) Lassen from Morocco.

MORPHOLOGY, ANATOMY AND ULTRAS CULPTURE OF FRUITS IN SOME REPRESENTATIVES OF LAURACEAE FAMILY

A.P. Melikian, Kh.Kh. Dzhalilova

Morphology, anatomy and ultrasculpture of fruits of 7 species from 6 genera of Lauraceae family were studied. It was established that the fruits differ by the presence of the cuticle and by the role it plays in their structure. The studied species also differ well by the pericarp structure. It was found that fruit structure of some studied species is very similar to the one of Magnolia species.

BIOMORPHOLOGICAL FEATURES OF GOODYERA SCHLECHTENDALL4NA REICHENB. FIL. AND G. MAXIMOWICZIANA MAKINO (ORCHIDACEAE)

IV. Tatarenko, K Kondo

Two Far East species of Goodyera: G. schlechtendaliana Reichenb. fii. and G. maximowicziana Makino were studied in Japan. The ontogenesis of these species was described here for the first time. Protocorms of the both species consisted of three metamers, had tiny roots and the bunches of epidermal hairs. Juvenile shoot appeared from the apex of protocorm and developed the green leaves at the 2nd-4th year in G. schlechtendaliana or at the 2nd year in G maximowicziana. Juvenile shoot of the former species didn't have any roots, but in later species roots were located on every internode on the shoots of different ages. The certain rhythmiis of seasonal growth was observed in both species. The annual increament of adult monopodial shoot appeared till the middle of summer and consisted of 5-7 internodes in G. schlechtendaliana and 4-6 — in G. maximowicziana. Vegetative reproduction predominated in populations of both species, and caused high density of shoots in a clone. Fruit-set was 52% in population of G. maximowicziana. Mycorrhiza was well developed in the roots of both species, and in juvenile root-less shoots of G. schlechtendaliana.

ABOUT SIZE OF POPULATION OF

LAUDAKIA CAUCAISWS (EICHWALD, 1831) (SAURIA, AGAMIDAE) AND ITS DYNAMICS IN FOOTHILLS OF KOPETDAG

A.K. Rustamov, Ch. Ataev

In 1963-2001 years the condition of a population of Laudakia caucasius in conditions of the isolated territory — on ancient ruins of a fortress New Nisa was studied. The three periods of long-term dynamics of number are allocated: optimum (1963-1974), extreme (1975-1997) and restoring (1998-2001). The general number of the lizards in these periods, accordingly, can 300, 30 and 70 lizards, that is on the average equal — 7,5, 1,2 and 2,5 lizards on 1 ha. The main reason of infringement of structure of a population and in particular of its size — is isolation from basic areal and influence of the anthropogenous factors: the unorganized tourism, the grazing of cattle, direct destaiction of the lizards by the poachers, destruction and pollution of habitation.

NEW DATA ON DISTRIBUTION OF SIMUSHIR SNAILFISH POLYPETRA SIMUSHIRAE (LIPARIDAE, SCORPAENIFORMES) OFF KURIL ISLANDS

A.M. Orlov, LA. Biryukov

New data on distribution of an endemic species of Pacific waters off Kuril Islands, simushir snaifish Polypera simushirae, are provided. The southern boundary of its range is probably Diana Strait (between Simushir and Ketoi Islands). The northernmost capture of Simushir snailfish is recorder off the northern tip of Paramushir Island (5032» N, 15717» E). The northward range extension of species considered after middle of the 1990's may be related to recent climate regime shift in the North Pacific Ocean.

TO THE TAXONOMY OF SOME SPECIES ALEOCHARINAE (COLEOPTERA, STAPHYLINIDAE) COLLECTED IN MOSCOW AREA AND ADJACENT AREAS

V.B. Semenov

A redescription of Dilacra pruinosa (Kraatz, 1856) is given. The status of Atheta (Philhygra) balcanicola Scheerpeltz, 1968, sp. propr. is discussed. Aleochara navicularis Fauvel, 1900, syn. n. is a new synonym of Aleochara signata (J. Sahlberg, 1876).

EICHHORNIA CRASSJPES AND PISTIA STRATIODES ARE SPREADING IN PONDS AND RIVERS OF MOSCOW AND MOSCOW REGION

LA. Schanzer, A.N. Shvetsov, M.V. Ivanov

Tropical water weeds Eichhornia crassipes and Pistia stratiodes have lately been found in many ponds and rivers of Moscow and its neighborhood. Both of the species are grown as ornamental

and escape summertime cultivation, the first is suggested for use in wastewater treatment, too. These plants are regarded as invasive weeds in many tropical and subtropical countries. Despite they sometimes can form large floating mats during hot summers even under our climatic conditions, the first frosts in October kill them completely. Eichhornia crassipes and Pistia stratio-des can hardly become established in natural systems of the middle European Russia though they may be potentially hazardous for southern regions of the country.

SCHIZONEURINA, A NEW GENERIC NAME OF RHODYMENIOPHYTA

A.B. Doweld

The generic name Schizoneura (J Agardh) J Agardh (1898) (Rhodymeniophyta-Delesseriaceae) is preoccupied by the name of fossil horsetails, Schizoneura W.P. Schimp. et Moug. (1844), which is a type of a distinct family of equisetophytes, the Schizoneuraceae H.J. Haas (1887). Although the generic name of fossil plants is illegitimate being a late nomenclatural synonym of another morphogenus of equisetophyte foliage, Convallarites Brongn. (1828), the current proposal by Doweld (2003) to conserve the fossil name against its earliest nomenclatural synonym, necessitates the change of the generic name of algae due to the lack of possibility to conserve it too. A new generic name, Schizoneurina Doweld, is proposed instead of Schizoneura (J. Agardh) J. Agardh, two combinations, S. subcostata (J. Agardh) Doweld comb. nov. and S. hookeri (Lyale) Doweld comb. nov. are made.

A.B. SHIPUNOV, D.D. SOKOLOFF

SCHWEITZERIACEAE SHIPUNOV ET D.D. SOKOLOFF, FAM. NOV.

Fructifications monoclinous. Spirally arranged mic-rosporangiophores bear two pendant sporangia. Megas-porangiophores paired. Ovules are enclosed in bilateral capsules.

Typus: Shweitzeria Shipunov et D.D. Sokoloff, gen. nov.

Schweitzeria Shipunov et D.D. Sokoloff, gen. nov. — Irania Schweitzer, 1977, Palaeontographica, B, Palaophytol. 161: 126, nom. illeg., non Irania Hada? et Chrtek, 1973, Acta Univ. Carol., Biol. 4: 248.

C. TRINIUS'S COLLECTION AT MOSCOW STATE UNIVERSITY HERBARIUM (MW)

L.P. Balandina, I.A. Gubanov, S.A. Balandin

Little known data of the biography of the outstanding expert in the grass systematics, academician Carl Trinius (1778-1844), are given. The history of the occurrence of this scientist's collection in the Herbarium of the Moscow University (MW) is stated. The staicture of this collection and of the authentics allocated from it are discussed in details. The Moscow part of Tri-nius's collection consist of 1249 genera, 8593 species and 26076 specimens (including 277 authentic specimens by Johann Friedrich Adams, Wilibald Gottlieb Besser, Marschall von Bieberstein, Carl Ledebour, Peter Simon Pallas, Christian Steven and many other famous botanists).